Obesity is an increasingly common condition that is
characterized by an increase in the number and size of fat cells in the body.
Obesity rates are a concern for the general population, but research findings
consistently report even higher rates of obesity among individuals with
intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). The Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention report approximately 35% of the general population is obese,
while the rate of obesity among adults with IDD is as high as 58.5% in the
United States. The consequences of obesity predispose adults with IDD to a
greater risk of secondary health conditions that can impair their health status
and quality of life.